Minor Divinities (page 144, with art)

Chapter 3: Olympos, the Underworld, and Minor Divinities

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Pindar, Pythian 4.119

The divine centaur called me by the name Jason.  Greek Text

Pindar fr 166 SM – Pindarus 2, p. 121, ed. B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1975.

When the Centaurs knew the man-taming smell of honey-sweet wine, they impetuously hurled the white milk from the tables and, drinking of their own freewill from silver horns, they were becoming drunk…  (Transl. Aaron J. Ivey)

Homer, Iliad 2.742-44

Polypoetes, staunch in fight, son of Peirithous, whom immortal Zeus begat— even him whom glorious Hippodameia conceived to Peirithous on the day when he got him vengeance on the shaggy centaurs, and thrust them forth from Pelium, and drave them to the Aethices.  Greek Text

Homer, Iliad 11.832

Achilles, whom Cheiron taught, the most righteous of the Centaurs  Greek Text

Homer, Odyssey 21.295-303

It was wine that made foolish even the centaur, glorious Eurytion, in the hall of greathearted Peirithous, when he went to the Lapithae: and when his heart had been made foolish with wine, in his madness he wrought evil in the house of Peirithous. Then grief seized the heroes, and they leapt up and dragged him forth through the gateway, when they had shorn off his ears and his nostrils with the pitiless bronze, and he, made foolish in heart, went his way, bearing with him the curse of his sin in the folly of his heart.  Greek Text

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art 17.190.2072: Geometric bronze statuette group with man and horse/man (Herakles and Kentauros Nessos or Zeus and Typhoeus?)

Metropolitan Museum

Geneva, Ortiz Collection: Late Geometric ovoid krater with horse/man with branch and deer (Kentauros?)

Ortiz Collection

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, 95.12: Protocorinthian aryballos, Zeus with thunderbolt and horse/man (Typhoeus?)

Boston Museum of Fine Arts

Paris, Musée du Louvre, CA 795: Cycladic relief pithos, Perseus beheading Medousa as horse/woman (Kentauros?)


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#Herakles, #Kentauros, #Medousa, #Nessos, #Perseus, #Typhoeus, #Zeus

Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, December 2017.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2021.

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