Labor IV: The Erymanthian Boar (page 389 lower, with art)

Chapter 13: Herakles

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Hekataios 1F6 FGrH – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, pp. 8-9, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.

Greek Text

Tr 1097 – Sophokles, Trachiniai

you tamed the beast in Erymanthia. Greek Text

Sanctuary of Artemis Laphria at Kalydon: painted terra-cotta metope fragment with Herakles? carrying a boar, part of whose bristly back is preserved

Drawing of metope fragment and reconstruction of upper part of the metope, from E. Dyggve, Das Laphrion: Der Tempelbezirk von Kalydon (1948) pl. 19 fig. 2A fragment a (shown on left) and p. 153 fig. 2A (shown on the right)

Olympia Museum E 161: iron shield-band relief with Herakles threatening  Eurystheus with boar; Eurystheus hides in pithos

P. Zancani Montuoro and U. Zanotti-Boanco, Heraion alla Foce del Sele II: “Il primo tesauro” (1954) p. 202 fig. 48

Digital LIMC (no photo of this relief)

Paestum Museum: metope from Heraion at Foce del Sele with Herakles threatening Eurystheus with boar, while terrorized king hides in a pithos with a lid

History of Ancient Rome

Digital LIMC (Scene 8; no image)

London, British Museum B213: Attic black-figure neck-amphora near Group E, with Herakles threatening Eurystheus with the boar; Eurystheus hides in pithos, while raising both arms in suplication

londonheraklesboar

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

New York, Metropolitan Museum 41.162.190: Attic black-figure neck-amphora by Group of Würzburg 199, with Herakles threatening Eurystheus with the Boar, which he holds vertically with rump directed towards the king, who hides in pithos while raising both arms in terror; Athena observes from the left, while on the right a woman stands and gestures towards Eurystheus (perhaps Nikippe, mother of the king?)

newyorkheraklesboar

Metropolitan Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC (no image)

London, British Museum B492: Attic black-figure oinochoe by the Lysippides Painter, with Herakles seizing the boar’s right hind leg while Athena stands on right and encourages Herakles

londonoiochoeherakelsboar

British Museum

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC

Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser

Madrid, Museo Archeológico Nacional 10915: Attic black-figure neck-amphora by the Red-line Painter, with Herakles pushing boar to his knees while stabbing him in neck (side A) and while using his bare arms (side B)

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Madrid, Musée Archéologique National, fasc. 1 (1930), pl. 21.1a (side A)

madridheraklesboar-asp

Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum, Madrid, Musée Archéologique National, fasc. 1 (1930), pl. 21.1b (side B)

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Digital LIMC (no image)

Olympia Museum: fragmentary metope from Temple of Zeus with Herakles threatening Eurystheus with boar; king hides in a pithos

Section, east porch, showing original position of metope (on left); Hellenica World

E. Curtius [Editor] and F. Adler [Editor] and G. Treu, Olympia: die Ergebnisse der von dem Deutschen Reich veranstalteten Ausgrabung (Tafelband 3): Die Bildwerke von Olympia in Stein und Thon (1894) pl. 45.7

Metope fragments, from Wikimedia

Reconstruction from M. Lahanas, Hellenica World

Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser

Digital LIMC

Temple of Hephaistos (Hephaisteion), Athens: metope from east frieze with Herakles threatening Eurystheus with boar, which he holds vertically over pithos, from which only king’s right hand emerges

Reconstruction of east facade, showing metope in its current position (fourth); from J. Stuart and N. Revett, The Antiquities of Athens, Vol. 3 (1827) pl. 6

Herakles and boar from east frieze, with reconstruction drawing overlaid on surviving metope; B. Sauer, Das sogenannte Theseion und sein plastischer Schmuck (1899) detail of pls. 6* and 6

Herakles and boar from east frieze; B. Sauer, Das sogenannte Theseion und sein plastischer Schmuck (1899) detail of pl. 6

Digital LIMC (scene 2)

Perseus Art & Archaeology Artifact Browser (Temple of Hephaistos)

AR 1.122-32 – Apollonios of Rhodes, Argonautika

Nor do we learn that Heracles of the mighty heart disregarded the eager summons of Aeson’s son. But when he heard a report of the heroes’ gathering and had reached Lyrceian Argos from Arcadia by the road along which he carried the boar alive that fed in the thickets of Lampeia, near the vast Erymanthian swamp, the boar bound with chains he put down from his huge shoulders at the entrance to the market-place of Mycenae; and himself of his own will set out against the purpose of Eurystheus; and with him went Hylas, a brave comrade, in the flower of youth, to bear his arrows and to guard his bow. Greek Text

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Tags:

#Herakles, #boar, #Eurystheus#pithos, #Athena, #Nikippe

Artistic sources edited by  R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, May 2023

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2021

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