♦ Ferrara, Museo Archeologico di Spina 9351: Attic red-figure cup by the Penthesileia Painter, with Zeus and Ganymedes with cock
♠ Euripides, Troades (Trojan Women) 820-24
In vain, it seems, you Phrygian boy pacing with dainty step among your golden chalices, do you fill high the cup of Zeus, a lovely service. Greek Text
♠ Pliny the Elder, Naturalis Historia (The Natural History) 34.19
Leochares made a bronze representing the eagle carrying off Ganymede: the eagle has all the appearance of being sensible of the importance of his burden, and for whom he is carrying it, being careful not to injure the youth with his talons, even through the garments. Latin Text
♠ Pseudo-Eratosthenes, Katasterismoi 30 – Mythographi Graeci vol. 3.1, p. 36, ed. A. Olivieri. Leipzig 1897.
♠ Vergil, Aeneid 5.254-55
Jove’s thunder-bearing eagle fell,
and his strong talons snatched from Ida far
the royal boy. Latin Text
♠ ApB 3.12.2 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)
This Ganymede, for the sake of his beauty, Zeus caught up on an eagle and appointed him cupbearer of the gods in heaven. Greek Text
♠ Herakleitos, Peri Apistôn 28: Mythographi Graeci 3.2, p. 83, ed N. Festa. Leipzig 1902
♠ Ovid, Metamorphoses 10.155-61
The king of all the Gods once burned with love
for Ganymede of Phrygia. He found
a shape more pleasing even than his own.
Jove would not take the form of any bird,
except the eagle’s, able to sustain
the weight of his own thunderbolts. Without
delay, Jove on fictitious eagle wings,
stole and flew off with that loved Trojan boy:
who even to this day, against the will
of Juno, mingles nectar in the cups
of his protector, mighty Jupiter. Latin Text
♠ Loukianos Dialogi Deorum (Dialogues of the Gods) 10 (4)
♦ Naples, Museo Nazionale 6355 (not 6351, as Gantz): Roman copy of late Hellenistic sculptural group with Ganymedes and Zeus disguised as eagle
♠ Lykophron, Alexandra 72-80
I mourn for thee, my country, and for the grave of Atlas’ daughter’s diver son, who of old in a stitched vessel, like an Istrian fish-creel with four legs, sheathed his body in a leathern sack and, all alone, swam like a petrel of Rheithymnia, leaving Zerynthos, cave of the goddess to whom dogs are slain, even Saos, the strong foundation of the Cyrbantes, what time the plashing rain of Zeus laid waste with deluge all the earth. Greek Text
♠ Konon 26F1.21 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 196, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Hellanikos 4.F24 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 113, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Hellanikos 4F25 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 113, ed. F. Jacoby, 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
♠ Diodoros Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica 4.75
To Teucrus was born a daughter Bateia, whom Dardanus, the son of Zeus, married, and when Dardanus succeeded to the throne he called the people of the land Dardanians after his own name, and founding a city on the shore of the sea he called it also Dardanus after himself. Greek Text
Artistic sources edited by by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, September 2021
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, January 2022
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