Aischylos, Hepta epi Thebas 444-46 (Seven against Thebes)
But I trust that the fire-bearing thunderbolt will justly come to him, and when it comes it will not be anything like the sun’s mid-day heat. Greek Text
Bakchylides fr 41 SM – Bacchylidis Carmina cum fragmentis, p. 109 B. Snell and H. Maehler. Leipzig 1970
Pherekydes of Athens 3F97 – Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker 1, p. 86, ed. F. Jacoby. 2d ed. Leiden 1957.
Scholia AbT Iliad 5.126 – Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem, ed. W. Dindorf, vol. 1, p. 167. Oxford 1875.
Thebais Fr 9 – PEG (Poetae Epici Graeci) 1, p. 27, ed. A. Bernabé. Leipzig, 1987.
ApB 3.6.8 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)
And Melanippus, the remaining one of the sons of Astacus, wounded Tydeus in the belly. As he lay half dead, Athena brought a medicine which she had begged of Zeus, and by which she intended to make him immortal. But Amphiaraus hated Tydeus for thwarting him by persuading the Argives to march to Thebes; so when he perceived the intention of the goddess he cut off the head of Melanippus and gave it to Tydeus, who, wounded though he was, had killed him. And Tydeus split open the head and gulped up the brains. But when Athena saw that, in disgust she grudged and withheld the intended benefit. Greek Text
Pindar, Nemean 10.7
And once the golden-haired, gray-eyed goddess made Diomedes an immortal god. Greek Text
𝚺 Nemean 10.12 – Scholia vetera in Pindari carmina, Vol. 2, Part 2, pp. 773-74, ed. A.B Drachman, 3 Vols. Leipzig 1903-27.
New York, Metropolitan Museum 12.229.14: fragmentary Attic red-figure bell krater, Tydeus and head of Melannipos, Athanasia and Athena
G. Richter & L. Hall, Red-figured Athenian Vases in the Metropolitan Museum of Art (1936), pl. 138
Pindar, Nemean 9.25-27
But, for the sake of Amphiaraus, Zeus with his all-powerful thunderbolt split the deep-breasted earth, and concealed him together with his horses, before he could be struck in the back by the spear of Periclymenus, and his warlike spirit disgraced. Greek Text
Pindar, Nemean 10.8-9
And the earth in Thebes, thunder-struck by the bolts of Zeus, swallowed up the prophetic son of Oicles, Amphiaraus, the storm-cloud of war. Greek Text
Pindar, Pythian 8.38-55
And by exalting the clan of the Midylids, you fulfill the prophecy which once Amphiaraus the son of Oicles spoke in riddling words, when he saw, in seven-gated Thebes, those sons standing by their spears, when they came from Argos on that second march, the Epigoni. Thus he spoke, while they were fighting: “By nature the genuine spirit of the fathers is conspicuous in the sons. I clearly see Alcmaeon, wielding a dappled serpent on his blazing shield, the first at the gates of Cadmus. And he who suffered in the earlier disaster, the hero Adrastus, now has the tidings of a better bird of omen. But at home his luck will be the opposite. For he alone of the Danaan army will gather the bones of his dead son, by the fortune sent from the gods, and come with his people unharmed to the spacious streets of Argos, the city of Abas.” Greek Text
Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, March 2020
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