The Children of Zeus: Dionysos (page 116, with art)

Chapter 2: The Olympians

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Euripides, Hippolytus 339

And you, poor sister, Dionysus’ bride. Greek Text

Berlin, Antikensammlung F2179: Attic red-figure hydria  by the Syleus Painter, Theseus, Athena, Dionysos and Ariadne

E. GerhardEtruskische und Kampanische Vasenbilder des Königlichen Museums zu Berlin (1843), pls. 6-7

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

London, British Museum B210: Attic black-figure neck-amphora by Exekias with Dionysos and Oinopion

British Museum

E. Gerhard, Auserlesene Griechische Vasenbilder, hauptsächlich Etruskischen Fundorts (Band 3): Heroenbilder, meistens homerisch (1847), pl. 206

Beazley Archive Pottery Database

Diodoros Siculus 5.79.1

Upon Erythrus, one of his sons, Rhadamanthys bestowed the kingship over the city which was named after him Erythrae, and to Oenopion, the son of Minos’ daughter Ariadnê, he gave Chios, we are told, although some writers of myths state that Oenopion was a son of Dionysus and learned from his father the art of making wine. Greek Text

ApE 1.9 – Apollodoros, Epitome (summary of the last part of the Bibliotheke)

And by night he [Theseus] arrived with Ariadne and the children at Naxos. There Dionysus fell in love with Ariadne and carried her off; and having brought her to Lemnos he enjoyed her, and begat Thoas, Staphylus, Oenopion, and Peparethus. Greek Text

Plutarch, Theseus 20

Moreover, some say that Ariadne actually had sons by Theseus, Oenopion and Staphylus, and among these is Ion of Chios.  Greek Text

ApB 1.9.16 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

Phanus and Staphylus, sons of Dionysus  Greek Text

Diodoros Siculus 4.6.1

We shall at this point discuss Priapus and the myths related about him, realizing that an account of him is appropriate in connection with the history of Dionysus. Now the ancients record in their myths that Priapus was the son of Dionysus and Aphroditê and they present a plausible argument for this lineage; for men when under the influence of wine find the members of their bodies tense and inclined to the pleasures of love.  Greek Text

ApB 1.8.1 – Apollodoros, Bibliotheke (Library)

Reigning over Calydon, Oeneus was the first who received a vine-plant from Dionysus. He married Althaea, daughter of Thestius, and begat Toxeus, whom he slew with his own hand because he leaped over the ditch. And besides Toxeus he had Thyreus and Clymenus, and a daughter Gorge, whom Andraemon married, and another daughter Deianira, who is said to have been begotten on Althaea by Dionysus. Greek Text

Hyginus, Fabulae 129

OENEUS: When Liber had come as a guest to Oineus, son of Parthaon, he fell in love with Althaea, daughter of Thestius and wife of Oineus. When Oineus realized this, he voluntarily left the city and pretended to be performing sacred rites. But Liber lay with Althaea, who became mother of Dejanira. To Oineus, because of his generous hospitality, he gave the vine as a gift, and showed him how to plant it, and decreed that its fruit should be called oinos from the name of his host.  Latin Text

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#Ariadne, #Athena, #Dionysos, #Oinopion, #Theseus

Artistic sources edited by R. Ross Holloway, Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor Emeritus, Joukowsky Institute for Archaeology and the Ancient World, Brown Univ., and Frances Van Keuren, Prof. Emerita, Lamar Dodd School of Art, Univ. of Georgia, June 2019.

Literary sources edited by Elena Bianchelli, Retired Senior Lecturer of Classical Languages and Culture, Univ. of Georgia, February 2021

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